SECOND OPINION 5 | Five Things About Teratomas


Bluecross Blueshield is a proud sponsor of
Second Opinion. Live Fearless Hello, I’m Doctor Jaclyn Morrison, and I’m
here to tell you five things about teratoma. First, teratomas are ovarian cysts. Teratoma cysts contain different types of
tissue that are diagnosed on a pelvic ultrasound. They can contain fat, hair, sebaceous glands,
and even bone. Bluecross Blueshield is a proud sponsor of
Second Opinion. Live Fearless Hello, I’m Doctor Jaclyn Morrison, and I’m
here to tell you five things about teratoma. First, teratomas are ovarian cysts. Teratoma
cysts contain different types of tissue that are diagnosed on a pelvic ultrasound.  They
can contain fat, hair, sebaceous glands, and even bone.  They can also contain parts
of tissue found anywhere else in the body, including muscle and other organs. Next, teratomas may cause pain or have no
symptoms. In most cases teratomas cause no pain or symptoms and are found on imaging
tests for other reasons.  Teratomas, like any ovarian cyst, can cause abdominal and
pelvic pain.  This pain can be sharp, dull, or cramping.  Sometimes the pain is constant
and other times it may come and go.  Severe sudden onset constant pain with low-grade
and nausea/vomiting, may be a surgical emergency called ovarian torsion.  With larger ovarian
cysts the ovary can rotate and block the blood supply to the ovary leading to swelling, bruising,
and even death of the ovary.  If the teratoma ruptures, it can cause severe pain and other
complications Third, most teratomas are not cancer. 95% of teratomas are benign, non-cancerous ovarian
cysts called dermoid cysts.  Women over age 45 with teratomas, may develop cancer
in 2% of cases, so the cyst should be removed. Fourth, teratomas typically require surgical removal. In most cases, the cyst can be separated
from the ovary, but in some cases the whole ovary may need to be removed. And lastly, teratomas can recur. Even after
removal, teratomas can reappear in the same ovary or the opposite ovary.  If a patient
has multiple surgeries for teratomas in one ovary, it may be recommended that the ovary
be removed. and that’s your Second Opinion 5 Bluecross Blueshield is a proud sponsor of
Second Opinion. Live Fearless.

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