Hi beauties, welcome back! It’s your host, Rowena. Felicia will be back very soon! So in today’s video, we’re going to be talking about our most loved, most prized ‘apple of our eye’ type ingredients for red, irritated, and inflamed skin. With many other ingredients, they’re either too harsh to use every day or they shouldn’t be used at certain times or they shouldn’t be mixed with other ingredients. Etc. Etc. But the three ingredients we’re going to be discussing today are like the Avengers coming to save your world! The products we’ll be suggesting are some of our all-time faves. Let’s make #ATF a thing: All-Time Faves. But we’re also going to introduce some new favorites for you guys to explore. Before we get started. Thank you so much to Rael for sponsoring this video! Rael Beauty is an innovative, clean skincare brand that’s inspired by K beauty. And we think you guys will find their products very very nice. As we did 🙂 Alrighty, first up an ingredient that we all most likely heard about: hyaluronic acid. Although the name does include the word acid, it’s not grouped with the chemical exfoliating acids that you might think it’s a part of. No siree! Hyaluronic acid is a humectant. And that means that they work by attracting and drawing water from the air and pulling it into the skin. Hyaluronic acid is also a substance found naturally in our skin and throughout each of our bodies. About 50% of our body’s natural hyaluronic acid is actually found in our skin. And you know where else there’s hyaluronic acid? Our eyeballs. ‘Cause think for a second. Why do you think they’re always so nice and lubricated and moist? Well, that’s hyaluronic acid for you guys! That’s not all. Say you fell or scratched yourself and it creates a wound. Your body sends a message to increase the levels of hyaluronic acid in the dermis layer to help heal and protect that area of your skin. This means that the longer we have hyaluronic acid and high amounts of it, the more likely your skin will heal scar-free. Yaaaa! Team Mufasa! No Scar! When we age, the natural production of hyaluronic acid, as well as collagen, will slow down, which creates an imbalance of hyaluronic acid levels in the epidermis and dermis layers. And this is what can lead to wrinkles and fine lines. It’s like a dam with no water in it. Your skin has little to no water molecules to hold and support the epidermis layer to look bouncy. Aka the skin is thirstay. Now, if you found that for some mysterious reason you didn’t react well with a hyaluronic acid product and there was slight inflammation, it might be due to the product containing a smaller molecular weight and therefore causing slight irritation. So if this is you, you can try something with a larger or higher form of hyaluronic acid. Just like Goldilocks and her three porridge options, there’s low, medium, and high molecular weights when it comes to hyaluronic acid. And skincare products can include one or all three types at the same time. High or larger molecular weights of hyaluronic acid are great for keeping the surface epidermis layer of the skin hydrated. It’s also found in some cases that higher molecular weights are able to bring anti-inflammatory effects to the skin. Which makes sense since they help in rebuilding your skin barrier. But the potential downside is that it’s not able to penetrate as deeply into the skin. So what’s the solution? You move one size down. Medium to low molecular weights. Research says that these are more likely to reach into the deeper layers of the skin because of the smaller molecular size. Which is great since the dermis layer is where most of your hyaluronic acid levels are located in. Examples of medium or low molecular weight hyaluronic acid is hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid and sodium hyaluronate. How many times can one say hyaluronic acid? According to cosmetic chemist and founder of BeautyStat Cosmetics, Ron Robinson, the salt form has lower molecular weight than hyaluronic acid and hydrolyzed hyaluronic acid. Which means it allows it to travel into the deeper layers of the skin. It’s also a more stable form of hyaluronic acid that’s less likely to oxidize, which makes it suitable for skincare product development. Moving on to our favorite hyaluronic acid skincare goodies! You’ll find this ingredient in all types of skincare products. So the first product we want to share with you guys is Rael’s Daily Zen Balancing Toner. In general, Rael’s formulas for their products are all very minimal, soothing, and hydrating. And it’s no exception for this non-stripping toner that helps to neutralize and re-balance the pH level of your skin. It’s super lightweight. Very beautiful and refreshing like a splash of water on your face. My skin just drinks this up! And I use this morning [and] at night. As for ingredients, this toner has H3O hyaluronic acid. Which means the three different weights of hyaluronic acid are able to penetrate into deeper layers of the skin more effectively so that it stays hydrated for longer. There’s also vitamin b5 as a fourth ingredient, which helps to add more hydration and soothing qualities to the skin. [It also includes] niacinamide as the fifth ingredient, allantoin, which increases hydration, and chinaberry extract, which is an antioxidant to fight free radicals. How I like using this is after cleansing my face, I make sure to slightly dab my face with the towel, but to leave it still slightly damp and a little moist. Because hyaluronic acid works best on damp skin, especially when it’s in toner form. I like putting toners directly on my palms because I feel like that’s maximal product circumference, you know? It covers the most. Or if you like putting it on a cotton pad, that also works. So after you apply toner, I like sealing it all in with a moisturizer. This multi form of hyaluronic acid can also be found in Rael’s other serums and moisturizers, as well. And it helps to take care of all levels of moisture in the skin. Alright. Next we have NIOD’s Multi-Molecular Hyaluronic Complex, which is a serum. And as the name suggests, this has multiple forms of hyaluronic acid to work at EVERY layer of the skin! And when we say multi, we mean 15 forms to be exact. This is the most expensive of the hyaluronic products were mentioning, but there is a reason for that. The form of hyaluronic acid found in this product aren’t found easily in other products. This serum can be used day and night for any skin type. It’s super lightweight and almost feels like just water on your skin. Felicia mentioned more details about this in her off-duty routine So you can refer to that if you’re curious in hearing more. Ding! And it’ll also be down below. Last of the hyaluronic acid is The Lab’s Hyaluronic Acid Calming Cream. Like any solid cream, it works to moisturize, soothe, and strengthen the skin barrier. It’s super lightweight, but offers that protected ‘gently hugging your face’ feel. It blends super easily and moisturizes without the greasiness. It’s suitable for all skin types, ideally for people with sensitive and dry skin, like myself. In this calming cream, there’s also their patented derma-clara solution, which helps repair damaged skin barrier, prevent moisture loss, and improve the skin’s foundation. The oligo hyaluronic acid found in The Lab’s range of products also contain hyaluronic acid that’s 200x smaller than hyaluronic acid with high molecular weights. So it will go deep into yo skin! Next up is centella asiatica, otherwise known as tiger grass, cica, asiatic pennywort, [and] gotu kola. My gotu kola [go-to cola]. K, just kidding. So what is centella? It’s a medicinal herb that made its mark in the skincare world as a potent, but gentle, ingredient to keep your skin nice and healthy. And while centella has been appearing in a lot of K beauty products nowadays, its usage actually dates back centuries. We’re talking ancient ayurvedic medicine and even traditional chinese medicine for its medicinal properties So what does it do? Centella asiatica extract has rich amounts of nutrients and antioxidants, which not only help scavenge free radicals, but it helps lower inflammation, kill bacteria, increase skin hydration, and enhance skin barrier function. Wow! Let’s just take a moment and appreciate how beautiful this ingredient is. To make things even better, centella asiatica is also rich in amino acids, which can help trigger more collagen production to heal wounds in the skin. This is why this plant is used as a treatment for burns, psoriasis, and even atopic dermatitis. Centella asiatica has other compounds that give very similar benefits to the skin. And they’re found in many skincare products that you might see in the ingredients list. These include asiaticoside, asiatic acid, madecassic acid, and madecassoside. So say you’re somewhat late to the skincare game. You haven’t used this ingredient and you’re curious on whether or not you want to use it. The awesome thing about centella is that it’s generally very good for all skin types. But people with sensitive skin, acne prone, and mature skin might see even more benefits because of its skin barrier restoring, bacteria killing, inflammation reducing, and collagen promoting properties! Are you convinced yet? *I AM* Then you’re probably wondering, “Okay, this all sounds great, but how much centella do I actually need to see changes in my skin?” To answer that question, we looked into a study conducted in 2016. From this study, we learned that both emulsions containing 2.5% and 5% centella asiatica extract increased skin hydration in the first week. But there were more increase in skin barrier function from using the emulsion with 5% centella extract. To make things even better. Can it get much more better than this? It was also found that TEWL or transepidermal water loss levels decreased significantly. Which means that the skin barrier was able to hold more moisture in the skin and prevent moisture from leaving and escaping the skin. For us, this translates to looking for products containing at least 5% centella asiatica extract to see changes in our skin. The good news is that most products on the market contain far more than 5%. DING! Moving on to products. Let’s first talk about something that I fell in love with after using it for the first time. It is this Calming Cica Cleansing Water from Rael. Mainly because it was just so gentle, soothing, and hydrating for my skin. It has centella asiatica extract, which is high in vitamin C, A, niacin, and also carotene, which helps to subtly brighten the skin. As well as the three weights of hyaluronic acid to really hydrate and soothe the skin. In the mornings, I like splashing a cotton pad with this cleansing water, wiping my face. I’m surprised by how much sweat and oils and just, you know, dust can accumulate on your face. Because the pad is kind of nast just after one night’s rest. And my skin has been visibly more glowy thoughout the day. You can also use this cleansing water at night to gently remove dirt, grime, and makeup from the day. If I’m using this to take off makeup, I’ll follow with a normal cleanser after just to make sure all that gunk is off my face. Next is Dr. Jart’s Tiger Grass Cream. This is a face cream that moisturizes and soothes dry, sensitive skin. It’s good for treating dryness, as well as redness. It’s super hydrating, it’s super soothing, and it’s great for your skin barrier. On top of centella asiatica, in this product, there’s also a bunch of different centella compounds. Like we mentioned earlier, [there’s] asiaticoside, asiatic acid, madecassic acid, and madecassoside. There’s also jartbiome, which helps strengthens, balances, and improves skin’s defense. Centella RX, which is centella asiatica extract and green repair herbs, which helps to soothe and protect sensitive skin. There’s also see cicabond, which repairs and rebuilds damaged skin. So this has a very soft, creamy, rich, buttery texture. I love it! It’s great! I love how thick it is, but at the same time is very easily spreadable. And you have that very protected feeling on your face after you put it on. Moving on to Purito Centella Green Level Sunscreen SPF 50. This sunscreen is one of Felicia’s personal holy grails because she’s all for centella and all for protecting her skin. This sunscreen contains a highly concentrated amount of centella, along with other compounds like madecassoside , asiaticoside, madecassic acid, and asiatic acid for protecting your skin. As well as hyaluronic acid, tocopherol, and 2% niacinamide for brightening. Like most Korean sunscreens, it glides on super beautifully. It’s very easily blendable. And it properly sinks into your skin versus feeling like you’re just kind of moving product on your face. Which you can kind of feel for some types of sunscreens. It’s also very hydrating and incredibly refreshing. So what you can do with this sunscreen. You can apply before foundation to help create a really great base for your makeup. And let’s say you don’t wear makeup. It will leave your skin glowing, plump, and healthy naturally on its own. The last ingredient is ceramide. This is another ingredient that we’ve been mentioning a lot recently, especially when it comes to reducing redness and irritation. Ceramides are found in your epidermis layer as an oily substance made from a combination of fatty oils, lipids, and cholesterol. If your skin cells are the bricks for a wall, then you can think of ceramides as the sticky glue that holds them together. This process eventually works as a watertight barrier that works as a shield to protect us from external and environmental factors, while simultaneously keeping moisture, hydration, and all that goodness inside. What we also came to find is that ceramide levels can tell us whether our skin barrier is functioning normally or not. It’s found that people with skin diseases like atomic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, and contact dermatitis are either decreased or have differences in ceramide levels. And because there were decreased ceramide levels, their skin barrier functions were also weakened. And if you think about it, that makes sense because there’s literally cracks and openings in the walls that allow foreign invaders and irritants to come in and trigger the redness, irritation, and inflammation. Now that we know a little more on ceramide levels and how they work, let’s talk about the ceramides you can find in your products. Altogether, there are 9 different types of ceramides, differing in function and effectiveness in skin moisture retention. These types of ceramides are what you’ll commonly find in many skincare products. So if you look at the back of the packaging, you’ll find names like Ceramide EOS, Ceramide NP, Ceramide AP, and so on. Another interesting tidbit we discovered is that when it comes to ceramides in our product, the efficacy really depends on the product’s formulation. We found a 2018 study that explains this. To give a quick summary, ceramide creams are very effective in enhancing skin barrier function and hydration levels IF it’s made with skin friendly ingredients at a certain ratio. This formulation, according to the study, includes using Ceramide 1 and 3, cholesterol, and linoleic acid from safflower oils in a 3:1:1 ratio. On top of that, adding emollients and humectants ingredients to the mix showed improvements in rebuilding and maintaining a healthy skin barrier. This means that the amount of ceramides actually needs to be triple the amount of skin barrier friendly ingredients in order for it to work effectively. So what does this all mean for our skincare? Unfortunately, this means that a lot of creams out there in the market might not contain the right amount of ceramides as we would like to expect. “Say what??” You can even check it out for yourself. You’ll notice that ceramides are usually listed closer to the bottom of the ingredients list. Which means that they’re actually getting a smaller percentage than you like. But before you panic and chuck your products into the bin, know that ceramides in skincare are still relatively new to the market. At the moment, there aren’t many products that contain the right ceramides to skin friendly ingredient ratio. Formulating is a tricky process. Hopefully, we’ll see more improvements in the years to come. Getting to product recommendations. Felicia’s favorite no fuss, awesome cleanser is the CeraVe Facial Cleanser. This cleanser has a unique formula that cleanses, hydrates, and helps restore and protect your skin barrier with three essential ceramide. The formula also contains hyaluronic acid to help retain skin’s natural moisture. It’s fragrance free, moisturizing formula is non-irritating and non-comedogenic. I remember the first time I used this cleanser, I was really really mind blown. It has a very interesting texture. It doesn’t lather, and it felt more like using a moisturizer rather than a cleanser. And I had to double-check the bottle to make sure that it was a cleanser and not a moisturizer. Next is Holika Holika’s Good Cera Ceramide Toner. When I first tried the Holika Holika toner as a sample, I fell in love and ordered the whole line to try out. And guys. Let me just say I am a fan! The Good Cera Super Ceramide line helps moisturize and nourish dry, sensitive and irritated skin. Texture wise, this toner is a little bit more on the thicker side, as opposed to just like, you know, watery “splashing your face with water” type toners. For extra hydration and skin barrier protecting properties, this toner also contains yeast extract that works to moisturize, protect against UV rays, increase skin elasticity and firmness, as well as stimulate collagen formation within the skin. Specifically for this line, I love the toner and the emulsion a lot more than the cream. Simply because the cream leaves a silicony film on my face. There is also silicon in the toner, but then I just feel like the cream – I just feel like I’m being suffocated. But the line in general, I think it’s really really worth checking out. And it’s the more affordable version. So we’re gonna talk about the more expensive version: the Dr. Jart Ceramidin cream It’s [a] super thick, super moisturizing cream that helps to strengthen skin barrier and shield from water and moisture loss. It’s great for treating dryness [and] loss of firmness and elasticity. For people with oily skin types, it’s great for the nighttime. And for people like me, who have dry skin types, it’s great for the morning because it’s not thick enough for me at night. And I read online that some people pair the Ceramidin Cream with the Tiger Grass Cream. Which is something I’m gonna go home and try tonight. I’ll let you guys know how that goes. In this cream, there’s Dr. Jart’s 5-cera complex, as well as bifida ferment lysate, beetroot, and hyaluronic acid, which keeps skin moisturized throughout the day. So that’s what we have for our ceramide products. And with that, we have the three ingredients that are best for soothing irritated, red, and pissed off skin. So thank you so much again to Rael for sponsoring this video. If any of the products we mentioned above tickles your fancy and you want to look into it, we have a code for you to shop Rael Beauty on getrael.com that we’ll link down below. And with that, thank you guys so much for joining us. If you want to follow us along our instagram journey and see what we’re up to behind the scenes, see what products we’re currently loving on a more day-to-day basis instead of waiting a week for our videos to come on, you can follow us at beautywithinofficial on Instagram. Thank you guys so much for joining us! We’ll see you next week! Essentially, these ingredients are healing in their own unique ways for our skin. They build us up and make us strong. *cue singing* You raise me up! Let’s not do that, okay. But the penten- but the pen- bleh. Potencial. Poootencial. We’re getting like supercharged, highly filled with antioxidant goodie instead of water. *LOLS* These include Asiaticoside. Asiaticoside! Asiaticoside! *Ro is channeling her inner karate kid* You can follow us at beautywithinofficial… .com. You can follow us at beautywithin – *Thank you so much for watching!